You may notice the strong chemical odors at nail salons but not sure about what they are. Products used in nail salons can contain many chemicals that can have serious health effects. Some potentially hazardous chemicals found in nail polishes and how they can affect a worker or client include:
Formaldehyde: difficulty breathing, including coughing, asthma-like attacks, and wheezing; allergic reactions; irritated eyes, skin, and throat. Formaldehyde can cause cancer.
Toluene: dry or cracked skin; headaches, dizziness, and numbness; irritated eyes, nose, throat, and lungs; damage to liver and kidneys; and harm to unborn children during pregnancy.
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP): nausea and irritated eyes, skin, nose, mouth, and throat. Long- term exposures to high concentrations may cause other serious effects. Toluene, formaldehyde, and dibutyl phthalate are sometimes referred to in the industry as the "toxic trio". They are commonly found in nail polishes.
For more information about other toxic chemicals used at nail salon, please visit
The United State Department of Labor Website and others' website as below
United State Department of Labor Website